Factor 4 is a revolutionary anti-ageing treatment that takes platelet rich plasma (PRP) technology to the next level by harnessing the body’s own growth factors to increase collagen and elastin in the skin. As a result, it improves the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, skin texture, skin tone and scarring. This treatment has gained popularity with celebrities and has also been referred to as the ‘Vampire Facial’. It is also a highly effective treatment for hair loss.
How does Factor 4 work?
In preparation for Factor 4 treatment the patient’s blood (10-20mL) is drawn and collected in specially designed collection tubes that exposes the platelets to negative charge and causes them to aggregate. The blood is then incubated for 6 hours to encourage the platelets and cells to produce maximal amounts of growth factors and cytokines. This is then centrifuged (spun) to separate the serum from the cell products and is now considered autologous conditions serum (Factor 4). The serum is subsequently filtered to ensure only the purest serum is produced. This product can now be divided and frozen for up to 7 months so that further treatments do not require any more blood to be taken. Factor 4 can be injected directly into the skin to stimulate collagen production or can be incorporated into a skin needling treatment.
What conditions can Factor 4 treat?
- Fine lines & Wrinkles
– stimulates fibroblasts in the skin to produce increased amounts of collagen and elastin
– increases the thickness of the dermis and smooths out the skin
– particularly effective for treating the fine lines around the eyes
- Skin tone & texture
– by increasing the amount of collagen in the dermis and correcting textural irregularities light is able to be reflected more readily
– this causes skin to appear more plump and hydrated, or what some may consider a ‘glow’
– can be used on the face, neck, décolletage and back of the hands
– causes collagen remodelling in scars and an improvement in both flat and raised scars
– is effective in improving the appearance of acne scarring when combined with skin needling
- Hair loss
– causes an increased amount of hair follicles to be in the growth phase at any one time thereby thickening hair
– stimulates fine, downy hairs to revert back to thick, terminal hairs
– often used in conjunction with oral medication to treat hair loss
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT FACTOR 4
There are several key differences that set Factor 4 ahead of all other PRP technologies on the market.
- Factor 4 only requires blood to be collected once. As the serum does not contain any cells it is able to be frozen for up to 7 months and still retain the full concentration of growth factors. Traditional PRP, in contrast, requires the blood to be drawn at every session.
- Factor 4 contains 4x the number of growth factors to traditional PRP. This occurs due to the incubation process, whereby the serum is kept at body temperature (37 degrees Celsius) for 6 hours. This gives the platelets and cells the time to produce maximal amounts of growth factor, which is the active part of the collagen producing process.
- Factor 4 is more comfortable. Traditional PRP is renowned for being painful as it is injected. This is due to the platelets and heparin that is present in the plasma that is injected. Nerve fibres in the skin identify these cellular products as being outside a blood vessel (where they shouldn’t be) and activate causing pain to the patient. Factor 4 is highly purified and has had these cellular products filtered off. As a result, the injections are considerably more comfortable.
Most patients will have some degree of swelling and redness associated with the treatment. This is known as a microvascular reaction and is expected, but it usually settles within 24 hours. There may also be some discomfort, bleeding or bruising. Infection is rare, but can occur.
The redness and swelling generally resolves within 24 hours. Small bruises may take 1-2 weeks to resolve, however these can often be covered up with makeup.
For skin rejuvenation improvement in skin tone and texture are often noticeable after the first treatment. Induction of collagen will take 4-6 weeks and will continue for several months. In hair loss treatment most patients will notice a thickening in their hair by 6 weeks, however this will continue to improve over the following 12 months.
Hydrate your skin 3-5 times a day using a recovery balm or hypoallergenic moisturiser. Use mild cleansing products only. Do not use any ‘active’ products such as retinol or AHA’s for 5 days. Avoid touching or rubbing the area. Sun protection is vital for the first week to prevent pigment changes in the skin. No swimming for 5 days.